تصویر ثابت

نفرات برتر
آخرين بروزرساني :۲۶ اسفند ۹۴ ساعت ۰۹:۱۴
۹۴ چهارشنبه ۰۵ فروردین

Passage

The types of conduct which are considered criminal vary From Society to society. It is important there Fore to realize that there is no absolute definition of criminal behaviour.

Ciminal libility is imposed on conduct Felt to be against the general interest of Society.

Obviously if millions of People have to live to gether their lives will be more Pleasant and peaceFul.

If some one measures Prevent them of killing or attacking.

  1. The above Passage is concerned about ….

a)cirmes in society              b)criminal resPonsibility         c)variation of criminal bevaviour         d)none of theme

  1. The word ” absolute ” in First Paragraph means ……

a)clear                        b)un conditional                 c)negligent                   d)eFFiciently

  1. According to the First Paragraph ………

a)criminal behaviour is a deFinite behaviour.                   b)criminal behaviour is not deFinite behaviour. c)criminal behaviour is absolute behaviour.               d)All of then.

  1. If People live together their lives will be Pleasant if some measures Prevent them of ……

a)killing – theft           b)murder- robbery            c)killing – battery             d)murder- assault

  1. The word ” obviously ” is synonym For ……

a)clearly                      b)exactly                          c)hardly                        d)eFFiciently

 

Part A: Reading Comprehension

            Read the following passages and choose the best choice.

      Passage

            Almost all common law offences and serious statutory offences require two elements, actus reus and mens rea; in the words of the latin maxim:

” Actus reus non facit reum nisi mens sit rea. “

The easiest way to understand these element is to think of actus reus as the physical act, and the mens rea as the intent to do that act. Many minor statutory offences require proof of only actus reus. In addition, a person may sometimes be vicariously liable in criminal law for the act of another person.

۶٫Which is not correct?

  1. a) actus reus and mens rea are two essential elements of crime.
  2. b) In some offences, proof of actus reus is not essential.
  3. c) In some offences, proof of mens rea is not essential.
  4. d) actus reus is the physical act.

۷٫The phrase ” actus reus non facit reum nisi mens sit rea ” means:

  1. a) A person maybe liable for the act of other.
  2. b) actus reus facilitates the commission of a crime.
  3. c) An act does not make a person guilty of his crime unless his mind be also guilty.
  4. d) None of them

۸٫When a corporation held liable for acts of its directors or servants, it is …………. Liable.

  1. a) strictly b) vicariously c) Severally                      d) jointly

۹٫Which is the best title for the above passage?

  1. a) Criminal liabality b) Actus reus c) Strict liability               d) All of them

۱۰٫Which is the synonym of ” mens rea ” ?

  1. a) guilty act b) physical act c) guilty mind                             d) negligence

 

 

Passage

 

    If D commits any crime, other than murder, as a Principal in the first degree and some forms of treason, under the threat of immediate death or serious personal violence, there may be the defence of duress.

The fact the defendant is of low intelligence is not relevant for the jury to take into account as it does not make him or her any less able to withstand threats or pressure. However, the fact that a defendant suffers from mental illness or a recognized Pshchiatric condition may be a relevant characteristic.

  1. Which is correct?
  2. a) Duress is a defence in all of the crimes. b) Duress is not a defence in murder as a Principal.
  3. c) Duress is not a defence. d) All of them
  4. Which is the best synonym for ” duress ” ?
  5. a) threat b) serious injury               c) pressure                       d) justification
  6. According to the above passage:
  7. a) If the defendant is of low intelligence the jury can take account it as a defence.
  8. b) The defendant must withstand threats or pressure as much as possible.
  9. c) If a defendant suffers from mental illness, there is not a defence.
  10. d) None of them

In general, In criminal law when the defendants power to resist is destroyed by a threat of death or serious personal injury or by circumstances, he will have a defence to a criminal charge although he has mens rea for the crime.

  1. The above statement is the definition of ……………
  2. a) coercion b) insanity c) threat                          d) duress

 

Passage

          If a shop assistant sells an employers’ goods at less than the correct price, this is an appropriation since the person has exceeded their authority.

To be stolen, property must belong to another, thus abondoned property cannot be stolen, nor can it be if someone believes it to be abondoned. To be theft the appropriation must be made dishonestly and there must be the intention permanently to deprive the other person of the property.

The court of Appeal in held that appropriation is a continuing act and it is for the jury to decide when it is over.

  1. The above passage is defining an offence that is in category of ……………
  2. a) offences against persons b) offences against properties
  3. c) offences against public welfare d) indecency act
  4. The offence of shop assisstant in the above passage is …………..
  5. a) steal b) burglary                       c) theft                                  d) robbery
  6. According to the passage, approving appropriation is a duty of ………..
  7. a) prosecution b) lawyer                  c) magistrate court                  d) jury
  8. The mens rea of ” theft ” is ……………
  9. a) depriving the other person of it b) appropriation
  10. c) permanently depriving the other of it d) dishonestly
  11. Which is the closest in meaning to ” appropriation ” ?
  12. a) abondon b) assumption                            c) exceeding               d) None of them

 

Part B: Tests

 

  1. The mens rea For Murder is ……
  2. a) malic b)malice aForeThought c)negligence            d)intention-recklessness
  3. Every one is Presumed ……..

a)quilty unless he is Proved to be innocent.               b)innocent unless he is Proved to be quilty.

c)quilty unless he is Proved to be sane.                     d)innocent unless he is Proved to be insane.

  1. A Person is guilty of ……… if they make a False instrument in order that it may be used as genuine.

a)Frand                           b)defamation                    c)blackmail                      d)Forgery

  1. These are offences created by statute and may be tried summarily or on indictment.

 The offences are called …….

a)indictable offences                   b)summary offences          c)hybrid offences    d)both a and b

  1. ……….. is the offence of intentinally using or threating unlawFul violence.

a)AFFray                         b)Arson                       c)Assault                             d)aggression

 

  1. (Assault) means:
  2. a) Actually applying force to another.
  3. b) An intentional or reckless  act  causes  someone  to  expect  to be  subjected  to  immediate  physical 
  4. c) Actual physical
  5. d) The intentional or  reckless  application  of  physical  force To someone  without   his 

 

The publication  of  an  untrue  statement  about  a   person  that tends  to  lower  his  reputation  in  the  opinion  of  right  thinking  members of  the community  or  to  make them  avoid  him.

۲۶٫The title  of  the above statement  is…………..

  1. a) defence b) defamation c) slander                         d) libel
  2. ………… is stealing and  immediately  before  or  at   the  time  of  doing so, and in  order  to  do so, using  force  on any person.
  3. a) theft b) burglary c) robbery                        d) treason
  4. which is not  an  offence   against  property?
  5. a) false statements by  company                        b) indecent  assault
  6. c) handling of stolen  goods                                          d) burglary
  7. Destroying any property belonging to another intentionally or  recklessly. This  is  definition  of………….
  8. a) Evasion of liability b) handling of stolen goods           c) Criminal damage           d) Arson

 

A wrongful act or omission For which damages can be obtained in a civil court by the person wronged other than a wrong that is only a breach. The law of it is mainly concerned with providing compensation for personal injury and Property damage caused by negligence.

  1. The above passage is defining………..
  2. a) Crime b) Mens rea          c) Tort                                  d) conspiracy

 



به کانال طرح نوین در تلگرام بپیوندید
نظرات کاربران

*حاصل جمع و تفریق اعداد روبه رو را وارد نمایید.10 + 2 ؟